Treating Diabetes

New medications and technological advances are shaping diabetes management and allowing for more individualized patient care. Glucose-sensing technologies have replaced the nuisance of daily, multiple finger pricks, allowing diabetics to see their blood sugar throughout the day and night with a sensor that is inserted under the skin. Digital patches and insulin pumps make the dosage of insulin more precise. Other recent innovations include insulin pens that connect via Bluetooth to a smartphone app and keeps track of insulin dose and timing.

When it comes to drugs, there are three new and effective types of tablets, called Semaglutide, Glucagon, and Liraglutide that are most effective in treating Type 2 diabetes. Another promising treatment is a new, once-a-week injectable insulin proved to be as effective as daily insulin injections. This new treatment could provide a convenient alternative to daily insulin shots.